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Unit 1: Geography of the World

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Unit 1: Geography of the World

Unit 1
Geography of the World
Third Grade

 


Content
  • Location and names of the earth's seven continents and five oceans ( Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern)
  • Cardinal and intermediate directions on a compass rose
  • Four hemispheres on a globe and flat map, Equator and Prime Meridian
  • Longitudinal lines (east-west)
  • Latitudinal lines (north-south)
  • Equator, line of latitude at zero degrees on a map and globe
  • Prime Meridian, line of longitude at zero degrees on a map and globe
  • Location of the Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer, Arctic Circle, and Antarctic Circle
  • Climatic characteristics of each region (e.g., precipitation, temperature)
  • Political map (countries are distinct divisions within continents separated by borders/boundaries)
  • Locations on a political map according to hemisphere, continent, and country
  • Map key/legend (feature identification)
  • Numerical scales (calculate distances on maps)
Vocabulary
boundary, border, compass rose, continents, Equator, globe, hemispheres, landforms, map key, scale, symbols, oceans, Prime Meridian, waterforms, atlas, latitude, longitude, degrees, political maps, physical maps, north pole, south pole, regions, time zones, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn
Resources Textbook
A World of Communities, Blackbirch Press, Inc., Copyright 1998

Internet Sites
National Geographic
For printable maps, click on Maps and Photos and then MapMachine

BOCES Resources
Discover the World: All About Globes - V10673
Discover the World: All About Maps - V10672
Discover the World: Locating Places - V15934, D1265
Earth’s Changing Surface - D1404
Finding Your Way: Using Maps and Globes - V5569
The Five Themes of Geography - V15541, D1059
Map and Globe Skillls - V13974
Mapping Your World - V9270

Professional Resources at Soule Road Complex Library
Discover the World: All about Globes - Pro KT 912 this kit includes a 23 min. video tape, inflatable globe and teacher’s guide
Map Skills - 3 books of reproducible map activities

Trade Books
Maps and Globes, by Ray Broekel
Maps & Globes, by Jack Knowlton and Harriett Barton
Maps and Mapping, by Deborah Chancellor
Me on the Map, by Joan Sweeney and Annette Cable

Atlases (These are a representation of atlases that might be useful. Other atlas might be available in your school.)
Atlas of the World, by Inc MapQuest.com and Gareth Stevens Publishing
Discovering maps, a young person's world atlas
Facts On File Children's Atlas
A First Atlas, by Scholastic, Inc
National Geographic Student Atlas of the World

Fiction:
As the Crow Flies, by Gail Hartman and Harvey Stevenson
Mapping Penny's World, by Loreen Leedy
My Map Book, by Sara Fanelli
My Place in Space, by Robin Hirst and Sally Hirst


Leveled Readers for Guided Reading

Activities
  • Use a given map to identify and label the earth’s seven continents and five oceans
  • On a map of the United States, color the water blue, color the land green, and cut/paste the labels of the continents and oceans on the map
  • Have children spin the globe with a partner with eyes closed-take turns putting one finger per spin on the globe. Have the partner mark a tally mark for the type of surface they land on (land or water). Keep a tally and see which surface you landed on more.Water should be the winner, proving there is more water than land on earth’s surface.
  • Sing “The Continents” song, by Dr. Jean
  • Make a world map on blue construction paper. Use two different colored pieces of string and attach them to the blue paper (one for Equator and one for Prime Meridian). Cut and glue the seven continents in the correct places on the construction paper in relation to Equator and Prime Meridian strings-label the oceans, Equator, Prime Meridian, and add a compass rose.


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