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Curriculum » Secondary Education » High School Curriculum » Science

Science
Administrator: Lizbeth Herrick
Phone:  453-1500 ext. 4003

Department Chair:
Rich Baier   
Phone:  453-1500

Students have the opportunity to learn the extensive array of concepts, related facts, and laboratory skills of science through a program of 17 offerings. Laboratory experiences are strongly emphasized; therefore an additional period is required for Honors and Academic Earth Science, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics.  

Regents Examination Eligibility
All Regents science courses require at least 1200 minutes of hands-on laboratory exercises accompanied by satisfactory written reports.

Graduation Requirement
 In compliance with the new Math, Science, and Technology standards of New York State, students entering ninth grade in 2001and thereafter are required to pass three (3) science courses, two (2) Regents courses, and one (1) Regents exam.

Advanced Placement/Honors Levels
These programs in are designed for students who are exceptionally skilled and desire an enriched program of study. Usually 10% of a particular class is enrolled in these programs. Note: Advanced Placement, Honors level classes, and college level courses require a final average of at least 90 in the previous grade and a teacher recommendation.

EARTH SCIENCE 9A    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 9)
Regents Earth Science students study geology, meteorology, climatology, and astronomy, with a focus on world environmental issues. Emphasis is placed on problem solving, observation, data collection and analysis. Includes 1200-minute lab eligibility requirement to sit for the Regents exam.   

EARTH SCIENCE 9H     
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 9)
Honors level Earth Science students are expected to be self-motivated, independent learners who will master the Regents curriculum faster and with significantly less teacher directed support. Students will be expected to participate in regular class discussions. In addition to the expectation of the academic Earth Science curricula, students will learn to read scientific and current events literature and to write a scientific paper each quarter. Each student will write an article and present a research project as a poster and slideshow at the annual LHS Earth Science Symposium.

BIOLOGY/ LIVING ENVIRONMENT 10A    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 10)
Please note: This course is mandatory for most diplomas

Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and theories pertaining to the living environment and recognize their real-life application. Instructional focus is on conceptual understanding plus application through lab experiences, reading science literature, and writing.  Evolution, organization of biological systems at all scales, dynamic equilibrium, reproduction-growth-development, genetics-molecular biology, and interactions-interdependence are the main themes.  Students also practice the scientific method. Includes 1200-minute lab eligibility requirement to sit for the Regents exam.

BIOLOGY/LIVING ENVIRONMENT 10H    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 10)
Prerequisite: Outstanding performance in previous Academic science program

Recommendation: 85 final average in previous Honors course

The course will contain everything in Biology 10A, and a selected college level concept will be presented in each of the four quarters. Students will seek a greater comprehension of biological concepts through projects, individual presentations, high level writing assignments, and in-depth scientific inquiry experiences. Includes 1200-minute lab eligibility requirement to sit for the Regents exam.

CHEMISTRY 11A    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
Prerequisites: Successful completion of previous academic level science courses and Integrated Algebra
 
This course presents a modern view of the study of matter. Success in this course in well-correlated with a solid mathematics background.  The units of study include:  matter and energy, atomic structure, bonding, periodic table, mathematics of chemistry, kinetics and equilibrium, acids and bases, redox and electrochemistry, and organic chemistry. Includes 1200-minute lab eligibility requirement to sit for the Regents exam.

CHEMISTRY 11H
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
Prerequisite: 85 final averages in previous science honors courses

Students will do in–depth advanced study of atomic structure and theory, chemical formulas and equations, thermochemical equations, behavior of gases, periodic table, electronic structure of atoms, ionic and covalent bonding, solution chemistry, organic chemistry, rate of reaction, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, precipitation reactions, oxidation–reduction reactions, and electrochemistry.  Students should possess a high degree of self–motivation and the ability to work independently.  Includes 1200-minute lab eligibility requirement to sit for the Regents exam.

GENERAL CHEMISTRY (Non-Regents Exam Course)    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Integrated Algebra
 
This course is designed for the student who desires a basic knowledge of chemistry, related laboratory technique, and a greater awareness of the chemical environment for his/her own improvement or for some form of higher education. Topics include: matter and energy, atomic structure and bonding, chemical reactions, solution chemistry, properties of acids and bases, organic compounds, and nuclear chemistry. Laboratory work is an integral part of this course and written laboratory reports are required.

PHYSICS 12A     
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
Prerequisites: Successful completion of Integrated Geometry, currently taking Algebra 2 Trigonometry or higher, 85 final average in all previous science courses.

This course presents a modern view of physics. The major emphasis is placed on fundamental concepts of mechanics, energy, electricity and magnetism, wave phenomena, and modern physics. Problem solving skills using algebra, trigonometry and geometry will be applied through this course. Mathematics is a significant part of this course. Includes a 1200-minute lab eligibility requirement to sit for the Regents exam.  

GENERAL PHYSICS (Non-Regents Exam Course)
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
Prerequisites: Successful completion of Integrated Geometry, currently taking Algebra 2 Trigonometry or higher, solid mathematical skills.

This course presents a modern view of physics. The major emphasis is placed on fundamental concepts of mechanics, energy, electricity and magnetism, wave phenomena, and modern physics. Applied physics is introduced as much a possible. Problem solving skills using algebra, trigonometry and geometry will be applied throughout this course. Laboratory work is an integral part of this course and written laboratory reports are required.

HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
Prerequisite: For the senior or junior who has achieved a final average of 80 or better in biology

Recommendation: Current enrollment in or successful completion of Chemistry 11A  

This course is designed for students interested in any health career or other related fields. Providing an in–depth study of the human body, the program offers a general survey of the human organism, emphasizing the physiological functions of anatomical structures. Interrelationships among the body systems and a wide variety of disease states are stressed. Current literature in the field is another major component of the class. Assessment includes numerous laboratory experiences, four research papers, interviews, and assignments. Guest speakers will be included when they are available.       
       
PROJECT LEAD THE WAY BIOTECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11-12)
PLTW Biotechnology is a one-year course for 11th or 12th grade students. Molecular biology (advanced genetics), bioinformatics, bioethics, hydroponics/aquaponics/environmental biotech, and biomedical engineering are the major areas covered in this survey course with exposure to many current topics along the way. Lessons engage students in design problems that can be accomplished in a high school setting. This is a course that values independent research, creativity, and a desire to learn about cutting edge science. An 80 average or more in the sciences, plus taking or completing chemistry is strongly recommended. No prior PLTW experience required.

ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES     
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11–12)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology

Units include wildlife dynamics, human population ecology, species and extinction, ethology, resource use and management, pollution, biodiversity and habitats, and planned communities. Instructional strategies include lectures, discussions, labs, audiovisual presentations, computer simulations, and field activities. A major project comprising 33% of the quarter grade is required each quarter. Topics for these projects include: studying endangered animals at the Rosamond Gifford Zoo, teaching environmental concepts to elementary students, studying the operation of a fish hatchery, building a bird, bat or duck house, designing an educational game for elementary students, going on a nature walk or camping trip and many others.

AN INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY (*Pending approval)    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 11–12)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology

This course is designed to introduce students to atmospheric processes important to understanding the weather. Students are expected to be self-motivated and independent learners who are capable of abstract thought. Meteorology has significant deep concepts. Special emphasis will be placed on local weather phenomena and weather forecasting.  Topics that will be covered include winter storms and lake-effect snow, nor’easters, thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes, weather modeling, and the impact of climate change on our weather. Assessment will include multiple readings of scientific literature and writing a number of scientific papers to be presented individually to the class. An average of 80 or more in the sciences is strongly recommended.

COLLEGE COURSES

SUNY ESF GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grades 11 - 12)
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Biology and Chemistry or concurrent enrollment in Chemistry

Global Environment (EFB 120) is being offered through the ESF in the High School program of SUNY ESF. Global Environment provides students with an integrated overview of large-scale environmental issues and their relation to the development of human studies and resource-use strategies over time. Focus is on population growth and societal pressures on physical and biotic resources. Topics include energy- use issues, causes and socioeconomic implications of climate change, pollution, and loss of biodiversity. Graduate student fellows from ESF may work with students to incorporate knowledge of research, current scientific literature, and get students involved in fieldwork. Students will participate in a research project that will be presented at ESF in June as part of ESF’s Environmental Summit. The one-year format will allow a less intense pace with a focus on guest lectures, research, hands-on activities, field trips, and research pursuits. The estimated tuition for the 2013-2014 school year is $185. Students will receive 3 SUNY ESF credits.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY    
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 12)
Prerequisites:
  1. The course is open to seniors only, and it may not be audited.
  2. 80 on the Biology Regents exam
  3. Satisfactory completion of Chemistry 11
The course is designed to prepare students for the AP Biology exam; also students may concurrently register and if successful, receive 4 college credits per semester from Syracuse University. Tuition rates are established by the college and may be increased with minimum notice. The student is introduced to the fundamental characteristics of life from the molecular level to the ecological community. The method of instruction is primarily individualized with a comprehensive series of laboratory investigations. The course materials include a guidebook, textbook, and lectures on CD.   The estimated fee for the required AP exam in 2013-2014 is $90, and the estimated SUPA tuition is $880.

NOTE: Accelerated juniors taking AP biology must have achieved a minimum grade of 85 on the chemistry Regents to enter the course.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT/SUPA CHEMISTRY
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 12)
Prerequisites:
  1. 80 on the Chemistry Regents exam
  2. Successful completion of Algebra 2 Trigonometry
The course is designed to prepare students for the AP Chemistry exam, also students may concurrently register and if successful receive 4 college credits (3 Lecture/l Laboratory) per semester from Syracuse University. This course is designed to satisfy the chemistry prerequisite requirement of most technically–oriented pre-professional  (pre-medicine, pre-dentistry and pre-veterinary medicine), natural science  (chemistry, biology and physics), and engineering pursue a science or technology degree but who wish to complete their college science requirement in a high school setting. The laboratory portion of the program is designed to lay foundations of basic chemical laboratory practice useful in all laboratory science courses, dramatize chemical principles and laboratory techniques, and develop the student’s skill in translating written instructions into the required laboratory manipulation.  The estimated fee for the required AP exam in 2013-2014 is $90, and the estimated SUPA will be $880.

SUNY OCC PHYSICS (*Pending approval)
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 12)
Prerequisite:  Algebra 2 Trigonometry.  85 average in science courses.  Strong mathematical skills.
*Pending approval.

This course is a concurrent college level course with credit granted by OCC. There are no tuition fees.  This course uses hands–on and process–oriented instruction that will lead to lifelong skills in problem solving, critical thinking, and analysis of complex issues. It is an outstanding college level challenge and experience, allowing development of topics as one would see in a college setting.  The topics for this course are energy, electricity and magnetism, wave phenomena, modern physics, and technology and society. There will be multiple college assessments including a final exam.  Students will take the Physics Regents exam for the Advanced Regents Diploma. 

ADVANCED PLACEMENT PHYSICS B
40 Weeks - 1 Credit (Grade 12)
Prerequisite:  Algebra 2 Trigonometry

This course leads to the Advance Placement B exam. This course uses hands–on and process–oriented instruction that will lead to lifelong skills in problem solving, critical thinking, and analysis of complex issues. The topics for this course are energy, electricity and magnetism, wave phenomena, modern physics, and technology and society. The Regents exam is the final exam for the course. Students also prepare to take the Advanced Placement Physics B exam. The estimated fee for the required AP exam in 2013-2014 is $90.










Liverpool Central School District | 195 Blackberry Road | Liverpool, NY 13090 | Main Phone: 315-622-7900